Homemade Harissa Chili Paste
Learn how to make your own homemade harissa chili paste with dried chili peppers, including ancho and guajillo, cumin, caraway, coriander and more. Here is the recipe.
Ever wonder how to make your own harissa chili paste at home? Here you go. It’s a rather straightforward process, easy in my opinion, but if you don’t cook much, you’ll be doing a few things you’ve never done before, like rehydrating dried chili peppers and lightly toasting fresh seeds and grinding them.
Not a big deal, pretty easy, just new maybe. Or not!
What Exactly is Harissa?
Harissa is a highly popular chili paste used in North African and Middle Eastern cuisine. The recipe varies by the region, so you will find variation after variation of harissa, depending on the local ingredients.
I have seen it made with tomatoes, mint, different types of chili peppers and more. I often like to toss in some lightly roasted habanero peppers or maybe even a superhot or two sometimes, though a great harissa variation is to include a roasted red bell pepper either with, or instead of, tomato paste.
Let’s talk about making it, shall we?
How to Make Harissa
Set your selection of dried peppers into a large bowl or pot and pour boiling water over them. Let them steep for about 20 minutes to soften. Set them into the food processor.
Dry toast the caraway seeds, coriander sees and cumin seeds in a pan until they are fragrant, about 2-3 minutes. Cool then grind them up with a mortar and pestle. Into the food processor they go.
Add all remaining ingredients and process to form a paste.
Store in a jar with a little oil over the top. Use as needed.
Rehydrating the peppers only requires some very hot water poured over them, then letting them steep long enough to soften. Once soft, simply remove the stems and innards and process them as needed.
Toasting seeds is easy as well. Toss them together into a dry pan and heat them a couple minutes until they brown slighly.
You’ll smell them, telling you they are ready to grind. Grind them up in a mortar with a pestle, or use an electric grinder, though for a recipe of this size, a mortar will probably work better for you.
Harissa Making Tips
When working with dried chili peppers, I like to dry toast them in a hot skillet a few minutes before rehydrating them to release their oils. I do this for other chili pastes as well.
You can make harissa without this step, but I find that you’ll achieve a harissa with more depth of flavor from the initial toasting step.
Can You Make Harissa with Chili Powder Instead?
Yes, you can. Weights can vary from pepper to pepper, but use these measurements for making harissa with chili powder:
- 3-4 ounces (85g – 113g) ancho powder.
- 3 ounces pasilla (85g) powder.
- 3 ounces guajillo (85g) powder
- .5-1 ounce (14g – 28g) chile de arbol powder.
You can use other chili powders as well for different tasting chili paste to your preference. If the paste is too loose or watery, add in a bit more powder to thicken it up. If it feels too thick, add in a bit of water or mix in a bit more olive oil.
What can you cook with harissa?
What CAN’T you cook? Only kidding, but I love having harissa and other chili pastes around to swirl into soups or stews, even season fish or rub into chicken. I have a series of recipes coming up soon that incorporate harissa.
It adds a nice complexity to your meals, and when you have your own homemade harissa paste on hand ready to go, it will save you a lot of time on that main dish.
Learn More about How to Make Chili Paste from Fresh Chili Peppers – includes links to a variety of recipes.
Harissa Recipe Variations
As mentioned, recipes for harissa can and do vary from region to region, depending on the ingredients available to the area as well as personal tastes. This particular recipe is more common, though you can easily alter it to fit your palate.
Consider using roasted peppers of any variety in lieu of tomato paste. Try fresh tomatoes as well, or sun dried tomatoes in oil.
Experiment with different herbs and spices, such as mint, basil, even spicy chili powders or curries.
There is no limit to creativity with this recipe.
Try Some of These Popular Recipes that Use Harissa
- Grilled Harissa Chicken Legs
- Harissa Rubbed Baked Chicken Breasts
- Colossal Grilled Shrimp with Harissa Marinade
Try These Other Popular Chili Paste Recipes, Too!
- Ancho-Guajillo Chili Paste
- Habanero Chili Paste
- Homemade Yellow Curry Paste
- How to make Chili Paste from Fresh Peppers
If you try this recipe, please let us know! Leave a comment, rate it and tag a photo #ChiliPepperMadness on Instagram so we can take a look. I always love to see all of your spicy inspirations. Thanks! — Mike H.
- 6 dried guajillo peppers stemmed and seeded
- 6 dried ancho peppers stemmed and seeded
- 3 dried pasilla peppers
- 6 dried chiles de arbol or other dried peppers of choice
- 2 tbsp tomato paste
- 1 Roasted red bell pepper optional
- 1/2 teaspoon caraway seeds
- 1/4 teaspoon coriander seeds
- 1/4 teaspoon cumin seeds
- 3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 1/2 teaspoons salt
- 6 cloves garlic
- Juice of 1 lemon
Set the dried peppers into a large bowl or pot and pour boiling water over them. Let them steep about 20 minutes to soften. Set them into the food processor. NOTE: I prefer to dry toast the dried peppers in a hot skillet a few minutes before rehydrating them to release their oils, though you can make harissa without this step.
Dry roast the caraway seeds, coriander sees and cumin seeds in a pan until they are fragrant, about 2-3 minutes. Cool then grind them up with a mortar and pestle. Into the food processor they go.
Add all remaining ingredients and process to form a paste while drizzling in the olive oil.
Store in a jar with a little oil over the top. Use as needed.
Store in the refrigerator. Because of the use of garlic in this recipe, use within a week.
NOTE: I prefer to dry toast the dried peppers in a hot skillet a few minutes before rehydrating them to release their oils, though you can make harissa without this step.
This recipe was updated with new photos and a video. Previously published on 5/20/2015.