The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper is one of the hottest peppers in the world, measuring in at over 2 Million Scoville Heat Units. Learn all about it.
Scoville Heat Units: 2,009,231 SHU
In February 2012, the 2012 New Mexico Chile Conference, in association with Jim Duffy of Refining Fire Chiles, announced that the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion was the world's hottest chili pepper. Clocking in at 2,009,231 Scoville Units, this chili pepper is beyond blistering.
The Moruga Scorpion is indigenous to the Moruga region of Trinidad and Tobago.
How Hot is the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Pepper?
Compare that to a typical jalapeno pepper, which averages about 5,000 Scoville Heat Units, and the hottest Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper is more than 400 times hotter.
Belonging to the collection of "superhots", the Moruga Chili Pepper has extreme heat and is used in a number of hot sauce products.
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion - One of the Hottest Chili Peppers in the World
The research team in New Mexico planted about 125 plants of each variety of the current “hottest peppers,” including the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, the Trinidad Scorpion pepper, the 7-Pot, the Chocolate 7-Pot and the previous record holder, the Bhut Jolokia.
Once the plants were grown and the peppers matured, the researchers chose a number of fruits from the plants. They dried them and ground them to powder. They were then tested for their levels of Capsaicinoids.
The capsaicin of these blistering peppers actually wore through multiple pairs of latex gloves that the researchers wore while picking the peppers. They went through about 4 pairs each.
One of the most significant points that chile pepper experts are making is that the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion is a non-hybrid, stable variety. Therefore, it produces more quantity and grows more easily that the Butch T, for example.
Although few are willing to actually eat a whole chili, (and it’s not recommended), the Moruga Scorpion offers great flavor that, if used in smaller amounts, makes for deliciously addictive barbeque sauce or hot sauce.
Because the heat levels of all peppers can vary greatly, many also say that the growing conditions in New Mexico where the study was conducted are perfect for producing scorching peppers, and that it would be difficult to replicate that pepper heat in most other growing conditions.
Therefore, people growing them at home probably wouldn’t get peppers on the high end of the Scoville rating, but would they really notice? It’s still going to be scorching and it should have the same flavor, so it could still be worth it to grow them at home.
Growing Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Peppers
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Pepper plants grow tall and upright, and produce a good number of chilies, which mature from green to orange to bright red. The pod skins are not smooth but bumpy, reflecting their ornery heat, and are similar in shape to habanero or scotch bonnets, which are more familiar.
The previous record holder was the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T chili pepper. The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion was the world record holder until it was defeated by the Carolina Reaper.
Further Resources and Information
- Super Hot Peppers List
- List of Chili Pepper Types
- List of the World Hottest Peppers
- What is Pepper X?
- Trinidad Scorpion Butch T
- Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Products at Amazon (seeds, hot sauces, more) - affiliate link, my friends
NOTE: This post was updated on 2/24/22 to include new information. It was originally published on 10/23/13.