Cayenne Chili Peppers
SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 30,000 – 50,000 SHU
A thin chile pepper, green to red in color, about 2 to 3 inches long. The “cayenne pepper” spice you use is the dried, ground version of this pepper.
The cayenne chili pepper is a bright red chili ranging from 2-5 inches long and about 1/2 inch in diameter. Cayenne chilis are usually sold as a powder, as cayenne pepper.
The word cayenne comes from the city of Cayenne in French Guiana. Cayenne pepper is great in soups and sauces, on pizzas, as well as over meats and seafoods. Keep it on the table in a shaker as an alternative to salt or pepper.
History of the Cayenne Chili Pepper
The cayenne pepper is one of the most popular peppers used in the Western hemisphere. The name of the pepper is taken from the city of Cayenne in French Guinea, from where the pepper originates and where its first documented uses were found.
Cayenne peppers are usually used as a dried spice, which is made by drying and grinding the peppers or pulping and baking them into cakes, which are then ground to produce the spice.
Cayenne peppers can also be used fresh in dishes, but are a little harder to find outside of the powdered form.
About Cayenne Chili Peppers
Cayenne is a very popular pepper that is used in a variety of dishes and flavorings. You can buy cayenne pepper at most supermarkets in a variety of forms – the most noticeable form being the red powder, but the majority of chili flakes that can be found on the market are from Cayenne peppers.
In addition, the vast majority of popular hot sauces all rely on cayenne for part of their kick, particularly if the sauce also contains vinegar. The cayenne pepper is a sub-tropical to tropical plant natively, but they can be grown as annuals in temperate climates as well.
They can even be overwintered if protected from frost!