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SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 30,000-50,000 SHU

Since “Amarillo” is the Spanish word for yellow, and “Ají” is the term for chile in South America, this pepper is also appropriately known as the “yellow chile.” The Ají Amarillo is grown in all areas of Peru. Used by the Incas, it is still the most common and popular chili pepper in that country.

It may be...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 1,177 – 75,000 SHU

Also known generally as the Peruvian hot pepper, “aji” is the common name primarily in South America and areas of the Caribbean for chili peppers.

History of the Aji Chili Pepper

Aji Chili Peppers have an interesting history, represented in the way that the cuisine that has most taken to this particular pe...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 80,000-100,000 SHU

Capsicum Baccatum

The Aji Cito chili pepper is possibly the hottest of the Capsicum Baccatum peppers at around 100,000 Scovilles.

It originates in Peru and bears some physical resemblance to the Lemon Drop chili.

The prolific plants are easy to grow and produce many fruits throughout the summer that grow t...

Aji Cristal peppers are small, spicy chili peppers native to Curico, Chile, that ripen to a fiery orange-red color. They are widely used in local cuisine.

Scoville Heat Units: 30,000 SHU.
Capsicum Baccatum

Aji Cristal peppers are small, spicy chili peppers native to Curico, Chile. Most aji peppers are local to South America, and are used in many...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 30,000-50,000 SHU

The Limo chile (or Ají Limo) is another super-hot chili from Peru. (Ají is the term for chile pepper in South America.) It grows to about 2-3 inches, and may be red, yellow, orange, or even purple or white, providing great color for your dishes.

They are commonly used in ceviche, and other Peruvian cooking,...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 20,000 SHU

Capsicum baccatum

The Aji Pineapple is a gorgeous yellow baccatum pepper with elongated fruits that average from 2-3 inches long. They begin green and ripen to the vibrant yellow that you see in the photos. Similar to other Aji peppers, which are typically bright and fruity, the Aji Pineapple runs around 20,000 Sc...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000 – 30,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Aci Sivri pepper is a Turkish heirloom cayenne type chili pepper. It is a very prolific plant, bearing up to 50 pods or more. The peppers resemble long cayenne chili peppers that grow from 5-10 inches long and somewhat slender. The pods are somewhat wrinkly and twist as they grow.

The p...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 15,000-30,000 SHU

The Barker’s Hot chili pepper is an extra-hot chile, the hottest of the Anaheim/ New Mexico variety, and it has great flavor.

They grow to 5-7 inches in length, and can be used just as you would use an Anaheim, with an extra punch. This variety originally comes from a selection of native New Mexican chiles,...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 50,000-100,000 SHU

The tiny Bird’s Eye Chili originated in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, The Philippines, and surrounding countries, but they can now be found all over the world. They are presumably called Bird’s Eye Chili because of their small round shape and because they have been spread by birds, which are not affected by...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000-30,000 SHU

Capsicum Baccatum

This chile is a member of the Capsicum Baccatum species, which includes the Ají pepper. It has an interesting shape, hence its name, and can be very spicy, with a fruity flavor. It is red when mature, and measures about 1 inch long and 2-3 inches wide.

It can be used fresh in salsas or sala...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 10,000-30,000 SHU

Grown for centuries in Bolivia (Central South America), the Bolivian Rainbow chile is a stunningly beautiful plant. The peppers start out a brilliant purple and turn yellow to orange to red, with all stages of the pepper present on the plant at once, making it a bright and colorful addition to your garden o...

Scoville Heat Units: 30,000-50,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The very attractive Golden Cayenne matures from green to a beautiful golden yellow with smoother skin and fewer wrinkles than the traditional red cayenne pepper. They also grow a bit larger than the red cayenne, about 4-6 inches long, but with the same slim, tapered, and slightly twisted sha...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 30,000 – 50,000 SHU

The cayenne pepper is a thin chili pepper, green to red in color, about 2 to 3 inches long. The “cayenne pepper” spice you use mostly in pizza restaurants is the dried, ground version of this pepper.

It belongs to the nightshade family of flowering plants and are related to bell peppers and jalapenos.

The...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 70,000-100,000 SHU

Similar to the Carolina Cayenne, the Charleston Hot is a variety of Cayenne created by the U.S. Department of Agriculture in South Carolina. Although it was not bred for its heat, it is much hotter than a regular cayenne, which averages about 30,000 Scovilles. In fact, it’s almost as hot as a habanero but ...

Chiles de Árbol peppers are small and thin Mexican peppers 2-3 inches long and less than a ½ inch wide. The name means “tree chili” in Spanish, which refers to the woody stem of the pepper.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: Sources rate this chile in 2 categories- 15,000-30,000 and 50,000-65,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum.

Chiles de Árbol are small and thin Mexican...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 30,000-60,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

Also spelled Piquin, this chile is also called Bird Pepper, because it is consumed and spread by wild birds. It is a tiny fruit, (pequeno in Spanish means tiny) measuring only ½ to ¾ inches long, but don’t be fooled, this little chile packs quite a punch! As it matures it changes from green ...

The Chiltepin pepper is a tiny, round or oval shaped chili pepper grown wild throughout much of the U.S. and Mexico. It is quite spicy, measuring up to 100,000 Scoville Heat Units. Learn More.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 50,000 to 100,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Chiltepin pepper, “chile tepin”, or “Chiltepine”, is a tiny, round or oval shaped, red to o...

Scoville Heat Units (SHU): 30,000 – 50,000 SHU (estimates)

Capsicum Annuum

The “Dagger Pod” is a hot cayenne chili pepper that grows to 4-5 inches long by 1/2 to 3/4 inches wide. It is a long, thin, and pointy, somewhat resembling a dagger – pendant shaped.

It is a thin fleshed pepper that starts off green and matures to a vibrant red.

It is a m...

Scoville Heat Units: 60,000-100,000 SHU

The Diablo Grande comes from the same group that includes jalapenos, poblanos, cayenne, and Serrano peppers. The fruits of this chile start out yellow-green and ripen to red, with a narrow crescent-shape and somewhat thick flesh. They may be harvested while green or red. These peppers are delicious when us...

Scoville Heat Units: 55,000-65,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

These small, round chili peppers from Pakistan grow to about ½ inch to 1 inch in diameter, and are dark red in color.

They are very popular in Pakistani and Indian cooking, with a flavor similar to Scotch Bonnet Chili Peppers, but with less heat. These little chiles pack a punch though! Just...

Scoville Heat Units: 35,000-40,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Guntur Sannam chili is grown in and around Guntur and Warangal in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is an extremely important cash crop in that area, and the livelihoods of thousands depend on a successful harvest. Its popularity spreads throughout the world.

It is mostly used as ...

Scoville Heat Units: 6,000-17,000 SHU

The Hidalgo is an heirloom pepper, similar in shape and hotness to the Serrano, originally from Mexico and Central America. The plants of this chili pepper produce large quantities and seem very sturdy. The chilis grow to about 2” long, and have thick, shiny red skin.

The Hidalgo pepper is great for pickling...

Scoville Heat Units: 20,000-30,000 SHU

The Jwala is the most popular chile in India, adding great flavor and spice to many Indian dishes. The word “Jwala” means “Volcano” in Hindi, and they are commonly found in the Gujarat region of India. The peppers start out light green and ripen to red, and can be used fresh or dried.

They grow to about 4 i...

Scoville Heat Units: 15,000-30,000 SHU

This bright yellow, citrus-flavored chile is also known as Kellu Uchu in Peru, where it originated. The pods grow to 2-3 inches long and ½ inch wide with wrinkled skin. Its unique lemon taste has caught the attention of those who love the citrus flavor of habanero but just can’t quite handle the intense hea...

Scoville Heat Units: 60,000-100,000 SHU

The Malagueta chili pepper is similar in appearance to the Bird’s Eye chili or the Thai chili because of its bright red color and short, tapered body. It starts out green and matures to red, and grows to only about 2 inches.

The Malagueta is one of the most popular chilis in Brazil, and is also used widely...

The Moshi Chili Pepper originates from Tanzania, Africa. It is named for the village of Moshi, located at the base of Mount Kiliminjaro. It is a very rare but productive hot pepper variety, yielding many peppers. The chili plants grow on average between 3-4 feet in height. The peppers ripen from green to red and typically reach two inches in len...

Scoville Heat Units: 60,000-70,000 SHU

Another of the many New Mexico varieties, the New Mex XX Hot is just that- very hot. The chiles are slim with thin walls and smooth skin, and grow to 3-5 inches. When grown on a farm they can be machine harvested.

The Orange Thai chili pepper is a thin chili pepper that is very similar to the typical red Thai-style chili pepper, though unique for its orange ripening pods. The peppers grow a few inches long overall and have very bright, colorful orange skin. I place them in the medium-hot category along with other Thai-style peppers, though the fruity flav...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-30,000 SHU

This very interesting little chili makes a great conversation piece in the garden or in the kitchen due to its distinctively phallic shape, hence its name. It grows to about 3-4 inches long and 1-1.5 inches wide, and matures to a bright red. Originally from Texas and Louisiana, they are grown commercially an...

Scoville Heat Units: 75,000 SHU

The Red Amazon is actually dried Tabasco chile, but since it is so commonly known in this form, we included it separately here. The Tabasco chile pepper is one of the most common chiles in America, and it is often used in hot sauce, but the Red Amazon, in dried form, is a great addition to soups and sauces. Ground...

Scoville Heat Units: 30,000 – 100,000 SHU

This pepper grows in the Andes from Chile to Columbia, as well as in the highlands of Central America and Mexico. It goes by many names including the locoto pepper widespread through South America, or as the rocote, or as the caballo or “horse” in Guatemala and some parts of Mexico.

It is also known in P...

Scoville Heat Units: 40,000-50,000 SHU

From Japan, the Santaka chili pepper is a hot and flavorful Asian variety, perfect for Asian cooking, especially stir-fries. They are also great in salsas and sauces, and can be strung together, dried, and ground into powder.

They grow to about 2 inches long and the plant itself if very attractive, with whi...

Scoville Heat Units: 10,000 – 23,000 SHU

The serrano chili pepper is a quite a bit like the well known jalapeño pepper, similar in color, but smaller, about 1 to 4 inches long on average and 1/2 inch wide. They generally grow between 1 – 4 inches long and about 1/2 inch wide though they have been known to grow longer.

They are meaty peppers and ...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-30,000 SHU

Also known as the “Bulgarian Carrot Pepper,” this interesting little chili pepper looks remarkably like a carrot, with its bright orange color and long, narrow body. It grows to about 3 ½” long and has an intensely hot but fruity flavor. An heirloom pepper originally from Bulgaria, “Shipkas” was its native n...

Scoville Heat Units: 40,000-50,000 SHU

These small peppers grow upright in clusters and mature from light green to red, often with shades of orange in between. They do best in a hot, humid climate. They grow to 1 ½”-2” in length and ½”- 1” in width and have a cone shape. They are decorative and colorful, and are often used as a border in gardens...

Scoville Heat Units: 30,000 – 50,000 SHU

Yep, this is THAT pepper used to make that very famous hot sauce. It’s one of the most well known peppers next to the jalapeno. The fruit is tapered and under 2 inches long. The color is usually creamy yellow to red, and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red.

The tabasco pepper is a variety...

Thai peppers are spicy chili peppers with a wide range of heat, and despite common belief, there is no single type of Thai pepper, with at least 79 separate varieties.

Scoville Heat Units: 50,000 – 100,000 SHU

Despite what is commonly believed, there is no single “Thai pepper” though most peppers referred to as Thai are small in size and high in...

Scoville Heat Units: 50,000 – 75,000 SHU

The Tien Tsin is named after the province in China where its harvest originally took place. This pepper has traditionally accompanied fare in its native Asia. It now grows widely beyond the Middle Kingdom and appears in cuisines around the world.

The Tien Tsin pepper is very hot. It usually displays a bri...

Scoville Heat Units: 75,000 SHU

Also known as Japanese chile. Originating in Japan, these chiles come from small plants (the name refers to a dwarf tree) and grow upward in clusters around yellow flowers. It is grown as a short-lived perennial, meaning it comes back each year, but only for 2-3 years. Mature peppers are often dried before use.

Th...