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SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 500 SHU

The Panca chili (or Ají Panca as it’s known in South America), is a deep red to burgundy pepper, measuring 3-5 inches. It is the second most common pepper in Peru, and is grown near the coast. Similar in shape to the Ají Amarillo, it is less spicy and has a rather sweet, berry-like, and slightly smoky flavor.

The Ají...

Scoville Heat Units: 0 SHU (estimated)

Capsicum Annuum

The Albino sweet pepper is a block pod type that grows 4-4.5 inches long by 2-2.5 inches wide. It is a thick fleshed pepper characterized by the color of its skin which matures from a pale yellow color to orange and finally red. It is a bell type chili pepper.

The pods grow upright but begin...

The Anaheim pepper is a versatile chili pepper named for the city that made it popular, Anaheim, California. It is mild in flavor and heat, measuring 500-2,500 Scoville Heat Units.

Scoville Heat Units: 500-2,500 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The Anaheim pepper is a mild, medium-sized chili pepper that grows to 6-10 inches in length. It is often used for c...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 1,000 – 2,000 SHU

An Ancho pepper is the dried form of the poblano chili pepper. Ancho has a mild paprika flavor, with sweet to moderate heat.

Ancho Pepper Uses

The Ancho chili pepper, together with the Mulato and Pasilla chili peppers, form the “holy trinity” of peppers widely used in cooking mole sauces. The Ancho is used ...

The Ancho Rachero pepper is a mild hybrid of the poblano chili pepper with medium-thick flesh. It is best used for stuffing, roasting, or making Mexican cuisine.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 1,000 – 2,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The Ancho Rachero pepper is a mild hybrid of the poblano chili pepper with medium-thick flesh. The chili pods grow to approximatel...

The banana pepper is a mild, medium-sized chili pepper with a tangy, slightly sweet taste. It is typically bright yellow, but matures to green, red, or orange.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 0-500 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

What is a Banana Pepper?

The banana pepper is a mild, medium-sized chili pepper with a tangy, slightly sweet taste. It is not considered a h...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 0-500 SHU

This Italian sweet pepper is a corno di toro type (bull’s horn), because of its shape. The flavor is sweet and fruity.

They are best picked when they have turned a deep red, as shown in the above photo. These plants were developed to bear fruit during cooler conditions, so they are excellent for higher zones with s...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 1,000-3,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Cascabel Chile is grown in several areas of Mexico. It is small and round, 2-3 cm in diameter, and matures to a deep red.

It is also called Chile Bola, meaning ball chile in Spanish. When dried, it turns to a dark brownish red, and the seeds become loose and rattle inside the chile. This i...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 SHU (or less)

Capsicum Annuum

The Cayenne Buist’s Yellow is an excellent salsa pepper, and works well dehydrated and crushed into powder for various seasoning applications.

What is a Cayenne Buist’s Pepper?

The Cayenne Buist’s chili pepper originated in the United States. The pods are a bright orange and grow to roughl...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 1,000-2,500 SHU

The Chilaca is a curved, long, thin pepper, that grows to about 6-9 inches, and 1 inch wide.

It has a flattened shape, and its skin is wrinkled. It matures to a deep brown color, and has a rich flavor.

The Chilaca is usually dried, and in this form is known as the Pasilla. The Chilaca is rarely used fresh, bu...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 0-500 SHU

The Corno di Toro pepper is an Italian sweet pepper. It’s name literally translates to “horn of the bull”, or “bull’s horn”, so named because of it’s shape. It is also sometimes referred to as “Cowhorn” pepper.

It is a long, 8-inch pod that is tapered, with a horn-like shape. The pods mature from green to either re...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000+ SHU

Capsicum Annuum

A mild and sweet multi-purpose chili pepper ideal for many types of cooking. Use them in place of bell peppers in the Cajun Holy Trinity (bell peppers, onion, celery), for stuffed pepper recipes, roasting and grilling, or simply eating raw.

What is a Corno di Toro Giallo Pepper?

The Corno di Toro G...

Scoville Heat Units: 700-2,000 SHU

Originally from South America, the Coronado Pepper grows to 4” long and 2” wide with thin, waxy skin. It tastes like a mix of pear and berries, and turns a bright red when ripe. With its mild flavor, it can be eaten fresh, added to dishes for extra flavor, or dried and ground into powder.

The Cubanelle Pepper is considered a sweet pepper, though it can have a touch of heat. It is a light green pepper used in general cooking. Learn more about the pepper here, including heat levels, flavor, cooking tips and Cubanelle pepper substitutes.

Scoville Heat Units: 0-1,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The Cubanelle is considered a sweet pepper, alt...

Capsicum Annuum

The Dolmalik is an heirloom Ancho type pepper from Turkey. It has a rich smoky sweet flavor. Peppers ripen from light green to a reddish brown. They are used as a powder in Turkey to season meats but also make an ideal stuffing or roasting pepper. The Dolmalik peppers are about 2 inches in diameter and 4 inches long. Flesh is med...

Capsicum Annuum

This is a sweet pepper that resembles a long and twisted Cayenne chili pepper. It is originally from the Southwest corner of France called Landes. The name translates into “English sweet pepper from Landes”. The fruit of the Doux des Landes pepper can grow over a foot long. The flavor profile is sweet and fruity. The peppers ripe...

Capsicum annuum

Also known as Slonovo Uvo. The Elephant’s Ears is a rare large sweet Paprika type from Croatia. The name is derived from the shape, as the pepper flattens when fully grown and resembles the shape of an elephant’s ear. In Croatia, this pepper is typically roasted, stuffed, and used for sauces and a variety of condiments. In Croati...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,500-2,000 SHU

The Espanola was developed in New Mexico in the 1980s by crossing a Sandia pepper with another New Mexico chile. They grow to 5-7” and mature from green to a deep red.

The young green fruits can be used to make green chile or chiles rellenos, while the red peppers are sometimes dried to make ristras or ground...

The Espelette pepper, also known as Piment d’Espelette, is a chili pepper cultivated in the French commune of Espelette, Pyrénées-Atlantiques. It is mildly hot, measuring up to 4,000 Scoville Heat Units.

Scoville Heat Units: up to 4,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

When it comes to Basque cuisine, the Espelette pepper reigns supreme. The Basque country s...

Scoville Heat Units: 0-1,000 SHU (or less)

Capsicum chinense

The Frontera Sweet Pepper is a variety found at Frontera on the island of El Hierro and brought to the chili pepper community by Peter Merle, a grower living in the Canary Islands. The peppers look very much like Scotch Bonnet peppers with a globe shape and bright yellow-orange color w...

The Gatherer’s Gold chili pepper is horn-shaped pepper that ripens to a beautiful orange-gold color. It is a chick walled pepper with a sweet flavor and very few seeds. It is an Italian sweet pepper and ideal for frying, though it is also excellent roasted or raw.

Capsicum Annuum

The Giant Szegedi sweet pepper is originally from Hungary. It is a heart-shaped pepper that starts out whitish-yellow then ripens through orange to red when fully ripe, where it is at its sweetest. The fruit is about 4-1/2 inches long. It is a fleshy pepper with thick walls. The plants are typically very productive and hardy.

The guajillo pepper is a beloved pepper used in Mexican cuisine. It is the dried form of the mirasol chili pepper, second in popularity only to the ancho, offering sweet flavor and mild-medium heat.

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-5,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The Guajillo is one of the most common and popular chili peppers grown and used in Mexico. It i...

The Guindilla chili pepper is grown and processed in the Basque region of Spain. It is narrow and long, with a mild heat level and is usually pickled.

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 – 2,000 SHU
Capsicum annuum

The Guindilla pepper is a chili pepper grown and processed primarily in the Basque Country, which straddles the borders between France and S...

Scoville Heat Units: 0 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The super sweet Gypsy Hybrid creates a rainbow of color in the garden, as the fruits mature from yellow to orange to red, all at different times on the plant.

The plants are high producers, yielding a large harvest throughout the season. At maturity the are about 4 inches with a tapering bottom, similar...

Hatch chile peppers are a generic name for New Mexican peppers that are grown and harvested in the Hatch Valley region, New Mexico. Learn more about the Hatch chile pepper from Chili Pepper Madness.

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 – 8,000 SHU (or hotter)

What are Hatch Chile Peppers?

Hatch chile peppers are actually a generic name for New Mexican pep...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000-5,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

From Hawaii. The Hawaiian Sweet Hot Pepper has a similar size (about 2 inches long) and shape to a jalapeno but is typically eaten once it matures to red.

Although still quite hot, it’s not quite as hot as a jalapeno, but when the Hawaiian Sweet Hot is cooked, it loses some of its heat and bec...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 SHU

Since the mid 1980’s, China has been sending recoverable satellites into space on a 5 day orbit around Earth. Each trip, approximately 5000 seeds are sent along and are exposed to the zero gravity and cosmic radiation, then returned. Back on Earth, these seeds are then cultivated. Around 50 of each batch show posit...

What is the Liebesapfel Chili Pepper

The Liebesapfel chili pepper is a sweet, thick fleshed chili pepper that typically grows very early and is a very productive pepper. The name literally translates from German to “Love Apple”, apparent by the shape of the pepper. It looks like a cross between an apple and a tiny pumpkin. It is a type of piment...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-5,000 SHU

The name Mirasol means “looking at the sun” in Spanish, which describes the way these peppers grow on the plant. They are known as “Guajillo Peppers” in their dried form, which are one of the main chiles used in traditional mole sauces.

The Mirasol varies in size and appearance, but it is conical in shape, an...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-3,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Mulato is a mild to medium driedPoblano, similar to the Ancho, but with a slightly different flavor. Both are green while growing, but while the Ancho is a Poblano that ripens to a deep red, the Mulato is a Poblano that ripens to brown, then it is dried. It grows to about 4 inches long and...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-3,000 SHU

This giant chili pepper was introduced by New Mexico State University in the 1970s as a cross between a few different types of local chiles and a Peruvian chile.

They measure 10-12” and mature to red, but are usually harvested and used when green. The peppers have actually been listed in the Guinness Book of ...

Scoville Heat Units: 3,000-5,000 SHU

The New Mexico 6-4 Heritage chile pepper was developed around 1998 from a seed bank of the original New Mexico 6-4. The original NM 6-4, which was released in 1957, had “run out,” meaning that after so many years of commercial growing, it had lost much of its flavor and aroma, and had increased its variabilit...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,500-3,000 SHU

This New Mexico variety was named after Mr. Joe E. Parker, a graduate of NMSU’s College of Agriculture and Home Economics, who helped to evaluate this selection of chile. It originally came from one plant selected from a field of open-pollinated “New Mexico 6-4” peppers. The variety was released for garden pr...

Scoville Heat Units: 250-750 SHU

The NuMex R Naky chile is an Anaheim-type hybrid created by Dr. Nakayama of New Mexico State University in 1985. It comes from the mix of the Rio Grande 21 pepper, the New Mexico 6-4, and a Bulgarian paprika. The fruit grows to 5-6 inches and has a mild flavor. In comparison, the New Mex R Naky prodices significa...

Scoville Heat Units: 250 – 1000 SHU

A large, cone-shaped chili pepper. It is typically dried and ground to make the more familiar powdered spice. It is originally from Hungary. The paprika is a fairly large red pepper and quite long, growing up to 8 inches, and lends a unique spiciness to paprika powder.

Most cooks consider paprika when preparin...

Scoville Heat Units: 250 – 3,999 SHU

Pasilla or “little raisin” properly refers to the dried chilaca pepper. The chilaca, when fresh, is also known as pasilla bajio, or as the chile negro or “Mexican negro” because, while it starts off dark green, it ends up dark brown. It typically grows from 8 to 10 inches long.

The pasilla pepper should not b...

The Peppadew pepper, or sweet piquanté pepper, is a sweetened pickled pepper from South Africa that is popular for snacking.

Scoville Heat Units: 1177 SHU
CAPSICUM BACCATUM

The Peppadew is grown in the Limpopo province of South Africa and is actually the brand name of piquanté peppers that have been pickled and sweetened. As the story goes, a fa...

Pepperoncinis are sweet, mild chili peppers, usually sold pickled. Also known as Tuscan Peppers, sweet Italian peppers, or golden Greek peppers. Learn more about them.

Scoville Heat Units: 100-500 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

Pepperoncini peppers originate in Italy and Greece, though their popularity has spread throughout the world. They are very popular...

The pimento pepper (aka pimiento pepper) is a small heart shaped sweet pepper with a mild flavor. It is also called the cherry pepper. 

Scoville Heat Units: 100 – 500 SHU

If you’ve ever tried southern pimento cheese, or enjoyed pimento stuffed green olives, you have already tried the pimento pepper in pickled form.

The pimento pepper (often spel...

The Pimiento de Padrón is a chili pepper about 3 inches in length originating from Padrón, Spain. It is typically mild but every now and then delivers a surprising blast of heat.

Capsicum Annuum

Pimiento de Padrón peppers (aka pimento de padron or just “padron” peppers) originate from the province, Galicia, in the northwestern Spanish municipali...

Piquillo peppers are sweet chili peppers with no heat traditionally grown in Navarre, Spain, specifically from Lodosa. 

Scoville Heat Units (SHU): 500 – 1,000

Chili peppers are often known for their heat, for the spicy, mouth tingling offering that lingers after each bite. That heat, however, varies from pepper to pepper, and some chili peppers ...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 – 2,000 SHU

The poblano is an extremely popular Mexican chili pepper. They are typically 4 inches long, very dark green in color, ripening to dark red or brown.

They are mild peppers, quite large and are somewhat heart-shaped. Their skins/walls are somewhat thick, making them perfect for stuffing as they’ll hold up in ...

The Purple Marconi is a delicious and sweet Italian chili pepper. They grow to about 6 inches in length and taper to a blunt tip. It is a thin-walled pepper with a crunchy texture that comes in three different, vibrant colors – Bright red (as shown in the photo), which is the sweetest; Purple, which has a deeper pepper flavor; and the Golden, wh...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,500-2,500 SHU

There is some confusion about the rocotillo chili pepper, since some appear to be from Capsicum baccatum and some from Capsicum Chinense. They look and taste similar but have different origins. In addition, the name “rocotillo” is used locally to describe different peppers in different parts of the world. The...

Scoville Heat Units: 500 – 700 SHU

Also known as the yellow hot chile and the guero chile. Approximately 5 inches long and ripen from greenish-yellow, to orange-yellow to red. The flavor ranges from mild to moderate, although some can be hot, but not compared to something more traditional like the jalapeno pepper.

It is also known by name as yel...

What is the Senise Chili Pepper?

The Senise Chili Pepper, or Peperone di Senise, is also known as Peperone Crusco when dried. It is cultivated from a region between the Agri and Sinni rivers near Senise, Italy. These peppers are a major component in the Basilicata region’s cuisine. The peppers are horn shaped and typically picked when red. The p...

Capsicum annuum

The Shepherds Ramshorn is a large sweet variety that originated in Spain but now is mainly cultivated in Italy. On the Brix sweet scale, which determines sugar content in fruits and vegetables, it scores higher than the Corno di Toro and Marconi Red varieties. However, it does take longer to mature than those peppers. In the seed...

Shishito peppers are a popular appetizer peppers notable for being rather mild, but every so often a particular pod will pack some heat. Learn all about them.

Scoville Heat Units: 50-200 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The shishito pepper is a popular appetizer pepper that is interesting for being mostly a mild chili pepper, but every now and then a particu...

Scoville Heat Units: 300–600 SHU

The Sonora is an Anaheim variety with a very mild flavor. It grows to about 10” in length and up to 1 ½” wide, and although it matures to red, it is commonly used in its less mature, green form. They are perfect for chiles rellenos since the skin is thick and sturdy. The plant is known to be very disease resistan...

Capsicum Annuum

The Sucette de Provence is an heirloom chili pepper from Provence, France. The fruit can grow up to six inches long and a half inch in diameter. The peppers ripen from green to orange and finally a brilliant red. Heat levels are variable, ranging from the very mild with practically no detectable heat to Serrano pepper level, whic...

Scoville Heat Units: 0 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Super Shepherd is a large annual Italian sweet pepper which matures from green to red. They grow to about 7 inches and have a sweet and very palatable flavor with thick flesh, making them perfect for stuffing.

In fact, because of their large size, they make a very hearty meal when stuffed. But the S...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000+ SHU

Capsicum Annuum

A very sweet chili pepper ideal for all types of cooking. Use them in place of bell peppers in the Cajun Holy Trinity (bell peppers, onion, celery), for smaller stuffed peppers, for sweeter sauces, soups, stews, and even steeping to flavor liquids. The flavor is distinctively fruity.

What is a Swee...

Scoville Heat Units: 0 SHU

The typical green bell pepper, about the size of a large fist. Very mild.

About the Sweet Bell Pepper

Bell peppers are found in an array of bright colors, as shown above. While they can vary in flavor, bell peppers are not hot or spicy, like most other peppers. Color and flavor are determined by the variety of the pepp...

The Tangerine Dream chili pepper is a gorgeous rocket-shaped sweet pepper that matures to a vibrant orange when ripe and ready to pick. The heat level is very low with a focus on the sweetness. The plants are quite productive with the peppers growing upwards.The fruits grow to approximately 3 inches in length and the plants grow to about 18 inch...

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 – 2,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Tiburon Hybrid chili pepper is a type of poblano pepper that offers very large pepper harvests and extra large peppers.

It is fairly low on the Scoville Heat Unit Scale, measuring in at between 1,000 – 2,000 SHU. The pods range from 5-7 inches long by 2.5-3.5 inches wide. The pepper wall...

Scoville Heat Units: 0-500 SHU

The Trinidad Perfume chili pepper is a mild chili pepper with very little to no heat. It is a habanero type and produces pods similar to a typical orange habanero pepper, about 1 to 1.5 inches in length and 1.25 inches wide. The mature from green to a bright yellow color. When cooked, they give off a perfume-like s...