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Hot Chili Peppers

Here we offer a number of different homemade hot sauce recipes, with different styles, ingredients and levels of heat. Use these to start learning how to make hot sauce, then begin to mix and match your own preferred flavors. Hot sauce truly rules. Have fun making your own!

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 175,000 SHU

Also sometimes known as Piri Piri or Pili Pili, the African Bird’s Eye is a small chile, growing to only about 1 inch, but they pack a lot of punch. They mature to red or purple, and have a tapered shape, with a blunt point. Historically found in the African wild, it has recently been grown commercially in some p...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 95,000-110,000 SHU

As its name suggests, the Bahamian pepper originates from the Bahamas, where it is still one of the major agricultural crops. This small, round pepper grows to only about an inch in length, and may be found in an assortment of colors, including yellow, orange, green and red. Interestingly, the Bahamian pep...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 100,000-125,000 SHU

Similar in appearance to the original cayenne, this variety is twice as hot and appears slightly wider. Maturing to a deep red, the Carolina Cayenne has wrinkled, thin skin.

It is native to Central and South America but was perfected and developed for growing by Clemson University in 1985. Most significan...

The datil pepper is a fiery chili produced mainly in St. Augustine, Florida. The pods are smallish and yellow-orange when mature. They reach up to 300,000 Scoville Heat Units.

Scoville Heat Units: 100,000 – 300,000 SHU
Capsicum Chinense

The Datil pepper packs the intense heat of a habanero or a Scotch Bonnet, but its flavor is sweeter, and more ...

The Devil’s Tongue pepper is a spicy hot chili pepper with a sweet, fruity flavor. It is similar in heat to the Fatalii or habanero, and was discovered in Pennsylvania.

Scoville Heat Units: 125,000-325,000 SHU

About the Devil’s Tongue

The Devil’s Tongue pepper is similar in color and shape to the Fatalii pepper, but with smoother skin and smalle...

Scoville Heat Units: 125,000-325,000 SHU

The Fatalii comes from central and southern Africa, and is one of the hottest peppers in the world. With the heat level of a habanero, it has a more fruity, citrus flavor, and packs an instant, intense burn, unlike the habanero, whose heat “sneaks up on you.”

The peppers grow to about 3 inches long, and m...

The habanero pepper is named after the Cuban city of La Habana and measures between 100,000 – 350,000 Scoville Heat Units. Learn more about the habanero pepper from Chili Pepper Madness, including the history, growing and cooking with them.

Scoville Heat Units: 100,000 – 350,000 SHU
Capsicum chinense
Flavor: Fruity, hints of citrus, flowery arom...

Scoville Heat Units: 100,000-200,000 SHU

As the name suggests, these peppers are from Jamaica, but have become popular around the world. There are a few varieties of Jamaican hot peppers:

The Jamaican Hot Chocolate Pepper matures to a rich brown color with ribbed and wrinkled skin. They grow to about 2 inches and have a very spicy Caribbean flav...

Scoville Heat Units: 225,000 SHU average (ranging from 125,000 to 325,000 SHU).

Rumored to be named after a famous Brazilian prostitute, the Madame Jeanette comes in various forms, from an elongated shape of a bell pepper about 3-4 inches long, or somewhat curved in similar size, or even similar in shape to a Scotch Bonnet. It brings the intense...

Scoville Heat Units: 100,000 – 350,000 SHU

The Scotch Bonnet pepper is a cultivar of the habanero and is among the hottest peppers anywhere. If you’ve ever tried a habanero pepper, you know it carries some serious heat. The Scotch Bonnet is equally hot, measuring in at 100,000-350,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Compare that to a jalapeno pepper,...

Capsicum bacattum

This is a rare Peach colored Capsicum bacattum variety from Peru that is very sweet. The heat level approaches habanero, but does not quite achieve it. It might be the only Peach colored Aji type we have ever seen. It is similar to the Aji Amarillo but much sweeter, which is why it’s called Sugar Rush. The Sugar Rush Chili plan...

Scoville Heat Units: 85,000-115,000 SHU

Originally from India, the Tabiche pepper can now be found growing worldwide and often year-round, but it does best in hot, dry climates. It grows to about three inches in length and an inch in width, with the shape of a thin teardrop. It has wrinkled, thin skin, and can mature to a pale yellow or a bright...

Scoville Heat Units: 265,000-328,000 SHU

Developed in Charleston, South Carolina, the Tiger Paw NR is an extra-hot bright orange habanero variety. Although not necessarily bred for its heat, it does pack quite a punch compared to a regular habanero.

The significance of this habanero hybrid is its resistance to root-knot nematode, a parasitic wor...

Scoville Heat Units: 80,000 – 120,000 SHU

We grew a variety of chili peppers in our garden this year, like every year, and were happy with a newcomer – the Tshololo chili pepper. There isn’t much information on this wonderful little pepper. It originates in Brazil and it is fairly rare. It is Capsicum Chinense. Having grown them this year, I can...