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Capsicum Bacattum

The Aji Fantasy is an aji variety that was developed over a 5 year period in Finland. It is a sweet pepper, emphasis on sweet, with a mild heat level. The peppers are highly flavorful and ideal for many dishes. The plants are quite productive.

Mine exploded this year in the garden and I’ve picked several dozen already. The pods...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000-10,000 SHU

Capsicum Baccatum

The Aji Habanero has only a fraction of the heat of a regular habanero but is named for its similar appearance and smoky, fruity flavor.

The crisp fruits can be harvested when green around 70 days or their mature yellowish-orange around 85 days.

They grow to about 3 inches, with a tapered s...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000 – 30,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Aci Sivri pepper is a Turkish heirloom cayenne type chili pepper. It is a very prolific plant, bearing up to 50 pods or more. The peppers resemble long cayenne chili peppers that grow from 5-10 inches long and somewhat slender. The pods are somewhat wrinkly and twist as they grow.

The p...

The Aleppo pepper, also known as the Halaby pepper, is named after the city of Aleppo in Northern Syria. It is commonly grown in Syria and Turkey, and is usually dried and crushed, as shown below.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: About 10,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

 

About the Aleppo Pepper

The Aleppo Pepper bears the name of its place of origin – Aleppo, Syri...

Heat Level: Mild-Medium

Capsicum Annuum

The Chilhuacle Amarillo is a Mexican chili pepper variety, part of a trio that also includes the Chilhuacle Negro (Brown) and the Chilhuacle Rojo (Red). Together they are an important part of Oaxacan cuisine, particularly mole sauces.

The peppers start out green, then ripen to a rich yellow or orange-yello...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 4,000-6,000 SHU

The Chimayo is another New Mexico chile, but it is a unique one. It is not commercially mass produced, but is more commonly grown in individual homes and gardens, making them unpredictable and un-conforming, in a good way. The length can vary from 4-7 inches, even from the same plant, and the shape could be s...

A chipotle pepper is a smoked, dried jalapeno. As they turn red on the vine, they are plucked and smoked until dried, turning them into chipotle peppers.

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

What is a Chipotle Pepper?

Chipotle Peppers are smoked, dried jalapenos. As jalapeno peppers age, then turn red on the vine to fully ripen and begin to dr...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 2,500-5,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

Cowhorn peppers are long, fairly thick-walled chili peppers that are shaped a bit like cow horns, hence the name. They are very large peppers in general, growing up to ten inches long, though the pods thin and curvy, very much like a large cayenne pepper.

The peppers turn bright red upon matur...

The Fresno pepper looks and tastes almost like a jalapeno, but slightly hotter. Fresno peppers change from green to red as they grow, and increase in hotness. Learn more from Chili Pepper Madness.

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-10,000 SHU
Capsicum Annuum

The Fresno pepper looks and tastes almost like the world’s most popular chili pepper, the jalape...

The Hungarian Wax Pepper is easily confused with the similar-looking banana pepper, but it is much hotter. It is also known as the Hungarian Hot Wax Pepper.

Scoville Heat Units: 1,000-15,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

What is the Hungarian Wax Pepper?

The Hungarian Wax Pepper, as its name suggests, originated in Hungary. Also known as the Hungarian Hot...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

Origin: Mexico.

What is a Jalapeño Pepper?

A jalapeno pepper is a fruit of the Capsicum pod type. It is a medium sized hot pepper when compared to other chili peppers, measuring an average of 2-3.5 inches in length but growing up to 6 inches long or longer.

While originating in Mexico, it is now grown world...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Jaloro is a hybrid version of the jalapeno, created by the Texas Agriculture Extension Service in 1992.

What is a Jaloro Pepper?

The Jaloro Pepper is basically a yellow jalapeno, but turns red if left un-harvested for long enough. It can be used at any stage of its maturation, but is commonly us...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU (or up to 10,000)

Morita chilies are smoked, red-ripe jalapeno peppers, much like the chipotle pepper. The main difference is that Moritas are smoked for less time, which leaves them softer and retains their slightly fruity flavor. They are very richly flavored.

Learn more about the chipotle chili pepper he...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000 SHU

The NuMex CaJohns Serrano chili pepper is a large serrano pepper selectively bred by the Chile Pepper Institute in New Mexico, named after John Hard, creator of CaJohns Fiery Foods.

A typical serrano pepper is smaller than a typical jalapeno pepper, similar in color. They generally grow between 1 – 4 inches long an...

Capsicum annuum

The Paprika Kalocsa is very close in appearance to the Szegedi 179 Paprika variety, but it is thicker, nearly 3/4 of an inch and can grow to over 6 inches in length. The heat level is considered medium compared to other chili peppers. They ripen from green to dark red and have a rich paprika flavor with fruity tones. The Paprika ...

Capsicum Annuum

The Piment de Bresse is a rare chili pepper grown on the plains of Lyon, France, and is named after the city of ‘la Bresse’ in burgundy, where you will find it used in many recipes originating in that region. It is used traditionally in powder form and incorporated into a cheese called “fromage fort”. It is an ancient heirloom th...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

The Purple Jalapeno is a smaller ornamental version of the typical jalapeno pepper. The purple jalapeno pepper plants are highly productive, with the peppers starting off green, then maturing to a dark purple color, which eventually turn deep red. It is common for the plants to display all three colors simu...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-8,000 SHU

The Puya chile is similar to the Guajillo, but smaller and hotter. It is often used more for its fruity flavor, rather than its flesh, which means it is great pureed, mashed or diced, and then made into a sauce. It may be soaked in water to pull out the flavor, and then the water can be used in your dish. The...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-7,000 SHU

Another hybrid chili pepper from New Mexico, developed by the New Mexico State University, the Sandia grows to 6-7″ and is similar to the Anaheim pepper. They start green and ripen to red, but are often used while green. Like so many other peppers from this region, the red ones can be dried to make decorative...

Capsicum Annuum

The Sucette de Provence is an heirloom chili pepper from Provence, France. The fruit can grow up to six inches long and a half inch in diameter. The peppers ripen from green to orange and finally a brilliant red. Heat levels are variable, ranging from the very mild with practically no detectable heat to Serrano pepper level, whic...