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Capsicum Bacattum

The Aji Fantasy is an aji variety that was developed over a 5 year period in Finland. It is a sweet pepper, emphasis on sweet, with a mild heat level. The peppers are highly flavorful and ideal for many dishes. The plants are quite productive.

Mine exploded this year in the garden and I’ve picked several dozen already. The pods are smallish, about the size of a habanero pepper, and ripen to an attractive bright yellow.

They are shaped like squat little hats. An excellent pep...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000-10,000 SHU

Capsicum Baccatum

The Aji Habanero has only a fraction of the heat of a regular habanero but is named for its similar appearance and smoky, fruity flavor.

The crisp fruits can be harvested when green around 70 days or their mature yellowish-orange around 85 days.

They grow to about 3 inches, with a tapered shape and slight wrinkles.

An attractive addition to your home garden, these beauties are easy to grow and produce large harvests which can be dried to...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 5,000 – 30,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Aci Sivri pepper is a Turkish heirloom cayenne type chili pepper. It is a very prolific plant, bearing up to 50 pods or more. The peppers resemble long cayenne chili peppers that grow from 5-10 inches long and somewhat slender. The pods are somewhat wrinkly and twist as they grow.

The pods ripen from green to a vibrant attractive shiny red. They are larger than your typical cayenne pepper, and have a good level heat, though reported ...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: About 10,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Aleppo pepper, also known as the Halaby pepper, is named after the city of Aleppo in Northern Syria. It is commonly grown in Syria and Turkey, and is usually dried and crushed, as shown below.

Aleppo Chili Peppers

Aleppo pepper is used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisine, although it has become very popular around the world as an alternative to crushed red pepper or paprika, due to its beautiful deep red color, rich fruity undertones and aromatic ...

Heat Level: Mild-Medium

Capsicum Annuum

The Chilhuacle Amarillo is a Mexican chili pepper variety, part of a trio that also includes the Chilhuacle Negro (Brown) and the Chilhuacle Rojo (Red). Together they are an important part of Oaxacan cuisine, particularly mole sauces.

The peppers start out green, then ripen to a rich yellow or orange-yellow color.

This pepper grows in the Andes from Chile to Columbia, as well as in Central America and Mexico. It is also known as the” locoto pepper”throu...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 4,000-6,000 SHU

The Chimayo is another New Mexico chile, but it is a unique one. It is not commercially mass produced, but is more commonly grown in individual homes and gardens, making them unpredictable and un-conforming, in a good way. The length can vary from 4-7 inches, even from the same plant, and the shape could be straight and skinny or bent and curly.

The Chimayo has been grown throughout northern New Mexico for so many generations that it is commonly called “na...

SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

Chipotle Peppers are smoked, dried jalapenos. As jalapeno pepper age, then turn red on the vine and begin to dry. These red jalapeno peppers are plucked and smoked for days until dried, turning them into chipotle peppers.

It takes about 10 pounds of jalapeno peppers to make 1 pound of chipotle peppers.

Quick Chipotle Pepper Facts:

  • Chipotle peppers are smoked, dried jalapeno peppers that have turned red
  • Chipotle peppers are dried red jalapenos
  • Not all ch...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-10,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Fresno pepper looks and tastes almost like a jalapeno, but they can be much hotter. Fresno peppers change from green to red as they grow, and increase in hotness, but they are often harvested and sold as green. The green peppers are mild to medium hot, while the mature red version is much hotter, surpassing the jalapeno. They grow to about 2-3 inches in length and have a diameter of about one inch.

Fresno chilis are commonly grown in t...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-15,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

What is the Hungarian Wax Pepper?

The Hungarian Wax Pepper, as its name suggests, originated in Hungary. Also known as the Hot Wax Pepper, it is easily confused with the similar-looking banana pepper, but it is much hotter.

The Hungarian Wax is harvested before complete maturity, while it is still yellow, and about 8 inches long and 2 inches thick. If left to mature fully, these peppers could grow larger and would turn red, and their heat ...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

Origin: Mexico.

A jalapeno pepper is a fruit of the Capsicum pod type. It is a medium sized pepper when compared to other chili pepper, measuring an average of 2-3.5 inches in length but growing up to 6 inches long or longer.

While originating in Mexico, it is now grown worldwide for it’s popular flavor and mild heat level, which averages around 5,000 Scoville Heat Units. That is hot, but not too hot.

You’ll find them served when green, but if you leave ...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000 SHU

Capsicum Annuum

The Jaloro is a hybrid version of the jalapeno, created by the Texas Agriculture Extension Service in 1992.

What is a Jaloro Pepper?

The Jaloro Pepper is basically a yellow jalapeno, but turns red if left un-harvested for long enough. It can be used at any stage of its maturation, but is commonly used while yellow. The Jaloro is juicy and meaty, with thick walls. It tastes like a regular jalapeno but slightly more fruity.

The Jaloro is delicious ...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU (or up to 10,000)

Morita chilies are smoked, red-ripe jalapeno peppers, much like the chipotle pepper. The main difference is that Moritas are smoked for less time, which leaves them softer and retains their slightly fruity flavor. They are very richly flavored.

Learn more about the chipotle chili pepper here.

The flavor is a mixture of fruity and slight acidity, with just a touch of smoke. Fairly mild.

You can find them typically in Latin markets.

What ...

Capsicum annuum

The Paprika Kalocsa is very close in appearance to the Szegedi 179 Paprika variety, but it is thicker, nearly 3/4 of an inch and can grow to over 6 inches in length. The heat level is considered medium compared to other chili peppers. They ripen from green to dark red and have a rich paprika flavor with fruity tones. The Paprika Kalocsa can be dried for seasoning, stuffed, roasted or used to make sauces. The Paprika Kalocsa chili plants can grow up to 3 feet tall.

Capsicum Annuum

The Piment de Bresse is a rare chili pepper grown on the plains of Lyon, France, and is named after the city of ‘la Bresse’ in burgundy, where you will find it used in many recipes originating in that region. It is used traditionally in powder form and incorporated into a cheese called “fromage fort”. It is an ancient heirloom that has been used for hundreds of years. The peppers ripen from green to a bright red as shown. the taste is sugary and the heat level falls somewhere ...

Scoville Heat Units: 2,500 – 8,000 SHU

The Purple Jalapeno is a smaller ornamental version of the typical jalapeno pepper. The purple jalapeno pepper plants are highly productive, with the peppers starting off green, then maturing to a dark purple color, which eventually turn deep red. It is common for the plants to display all three colors simultaneously, making the plant a gorgeous addition to your garden. The plant is not only ornamental, however. The purple jalapeno peppers are perfectly ...

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-8,000 SHU

The Puya chile is similar to the Guajillo, but smaller and hotter. It is often used more for its fruity flavor, rather than its flesh, which means it is great pureed, mashed or diced, and then made into a sauce. It may be soaked in water to pull out the flavor, and then the water can be used in your dish. The Puya may be used as a pizza topping, or with meat dishes, such as pork, veal, fish and chicken.

Scoville Heat Units: 5,000-7,000 SHU

Another hybrid chili pepper from New Mexico, developed by the New Mexico State University, the Sandia grows to 6-7″ and is similar to the Anaheim pepper. They start green and ripen to red, but are often used while green. Like so many other peppers from this region, the red ones can be dried to make decorative ristras.

They are also great for roasting, making chiles rellenos, or for use in salsas. Slightly hotter than a jalapeno, it adds quite a kick to dis...

Capsicum Annuum

The Sucette de Provence is an heirloom chili pepper from Provence, France. The fruit can grow up to six inches long and a half inch in diameter. The peppers ripen from green to orange and finally a brilliant red. Heat levels are variable, ranging from the very mild with practically no detectable heat to Serrano pepper level, which is quite hot. They have a fruity flavor and are used in French cooking in all color stages, including for sauces, in dried form, or roasted whole. T...