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23 September 2013

The Aleppo pepper, also known as the Halaby pepper, is named after the city of Aleppo in Northern Syria. It is commonly grown in Syria and Turkey, and is usually dried and crushed, as shown below.

Capsicum Annuum


About the Aleppo Pepper

The Aleppo Pepper bears the name of its place of origin – Aleppo, Syria. Aleppo pepper is used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisine, although it has become very popular around the world as an alternative to crushed red pepper or paprika, due to its beautiful deep red color, rich fruity undertones and aromatic flavor.

There is hardly any Mediterranean cuisine that doesn’t benefit from the spicy Aleppo pepper, along with its wonderful fragrance.

The Aleppo pepper is also called the Halaby Pepper. When growing, the pods ripen to a vibrant burgundy hue.

After they mature, the pods are plucked by its farmers where they are typically semi-dried before being de-seeded and coarsely ground or crushed.

The Aleppo pepper is rarely used before it is semi-dried, de-seeded, as well as ground into powder or chili flakes.

In Turkey, these pepper flakes are also called “pul biber”, and in Armenia, they are called “haleb biber”.

History of Aleppo Pepper

The Aleppo pepper comes from Aleppo, a city in northern Syria, but it consumed a lot in both Turkey and Syria.

Though it may have originated from Syria, it is used widely in the US and other parts of the world. With the violence and strife in Syria, obtaining Aleppo pepper is becoming ever harder.

Though it is now a common condiment, Aleppo pepper wasn’t used outside the borders of Syria, Armenia, as well as Turkey, until the end of the twentieth century. It became popular from 1994, and since then many people have embraced the pepper.

What does it look like?

Aleppo pepper is similar in size and shape of a jalapeño, growing two to three inches long, with a long, curved appearance, with a tip that more narrow than a jalapeno.

As they age, they mature to a deep red color. You will more likely encounter the pods dried and ground into flakes in markets, however. They are more rarely found fresh.

I have grown these pods in my own home garden and the plants were quite productive. Here is a shot of some fresh pods picked directly from my garden. You’ll notice the vibrant red color.

Fresh Aleppo Peppers

What does crushed Aleppo pepper taste like?

Once you try the crushed Aleppo pepper, you may be ruined for other red chili flakes. Crushed Aleppo offers moderate heat and great flavor, with a fruitiness offering hints of tomato, with a welcomed earthiness and slight tang.

You’ll also notice a touch of salt is that it is used in the traditional method of drying Aleppo pepper.

Compared to the other red pepper flakes seen elsewhere, they are a lot oiler but aren’t so hot.

For those that are tired of the generic red pepper flakes, you can try the Aleppo pepper.

This spice is used a lot in Mediterranean cuisines, and can still be used in stews, meats, pizza, as well as desserts.

The Aleppo has a flavor that reminds one of the ancho chili, but in its case, it is a bit salty, while being oilier.

The heat level is quite mild and can be said to have fruity raisin-like flavor.

How Hot is the Aleppo Pepper?

Conventionally, the Aleppo pepper offers a moderate level of heat compared to its counterparts. It measures in at 10,000 Scoville Heat Units on the Scoville Scale. Compared to a typical jalapeno pepper which measures in at 5,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), that makes it about twice as hot as a jalapeno.

Uses of Aleppo Pepper

Aleppo pepper is used mostly in crushed pepper flakes form, is slightly oily and offers a mild heat level. With its inherent saltiness and somewhat raisin-like flavor, it is used in a big variety of recipes. It is different from other ground red pepper; it doesn’t possess seeds or inner flesh.

The ground Aleppo pepper is a great substitute to ground paprika or red pepper.

Imagine using the Aleppo pepper in your delicacies; there is a great chance that you will swear off using ground red pepper. Its taste profile is out of this world and will leave you begging for more.

It is perfect for chili, pizza, sauces, pasta, or anywhere you may normally use paprika, if you like the extra heat. However, it is not as hot as conventional crushed red pepper, because it is de-seeded before it is crushed.

Aleppo is also great as a colorful and tasty topping for potatoes, chicken, and even deviled eggs.

Personally, having also cooked with the fresh Aleppo peppers, you’ll enjoy the heat level, which is similar to a typical jalapeno pepper, though the Aleppo has a distinctive flavor that lends itself to Mediterranean dishes.

What’s a Good Substitute for Aleppo Pepper?

If you are unable to source Aleppo pepper, use either paprika, smoked paprika, crushed red pepper that is extra ground, or a mix if ancho pepper and cayenne pepper, though cayenne pepper is quite a bit hotter.

Looking for Aleppo Pepper? Find Aleppo Pepper Products here (affiliate link, my friends).

Enjoy! Contact me if you have any further questions or need for clarification.


  1. I grew Aleppo peppers this year for the first time and will continue to grow them. Plants grew well and were 2 1/2 feet tall and bushy. A beautiful small pepper, I dried and ground them into flakes. The aroma is addicting as is the flavor. This spice will replace 95% of the uses I have for the standard red pepper flakes.

    1. Michael Hultquist - Chili Pepper Madness

      Thanks, Bill. Agreed, these are some amazing, flavorful peppers.

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