Hatch Chili Peppers
Scoville Heat Units: 1,000 – 8,000 SHU (or hotter)
Hatch chili peppers are actually New Mexican chili peppers that are grown and harvested in the Hatch Valley region, New Mexico. Located in the heart of the Rio Grande agricultural territory, Hatch, New Mexico, is often referred to as the Chili Capital of the World. Hatch chili peppers refer to the type of chilies the area has brought to fame, regardless of where they were actually grown.
Hatch chilies are a cultivar of the common New Mexico green chili developed at the Chile Institute at New Mexico State University in the 1920s. The Hatch Chile Festival occurs annually each Labor Day weekend and draws up to 30,000 people from around the world to the tiny town of less than 2,000 residents.
History of the Hatch Chili Pepper
New Mexican chili pepper pod types were developed starting in 1894. Fabian Garcia from the New Mexico State University crossed several local pod types with a goal of improving them for the region. He sought larger, smoother peppers that were better for canning.
After several years of crossing and growing, he released a variety called New Mexico No. 9. All New Mexican chili peppers owe their genetic base to these peppers.
How Many Types of Hatch Peppers Are There?
There are many varieties of Hatch Peppers. Here is a list of some of the most popular:
How Hot Are Hatch Chili Peppers?
Most Hatch chili peppers are about a third as hot as a typical jalapeno pepper, or they can be about as hot as your typical jalapeno. Because there are different types of chili peppers that can be categorized as Hatch Chili Peppers, there heat ranges can vary from a fairly mild 1,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU) to around 8,000 SHU. Learn more about the Scoville Scale Here.
Some Hatch chili peppers can be even hotter, again depending on the variety. I’ve been told some can be on par with habanero pepper heat.
What Do Hatch Chili Peppers Taste Like?
Hatch chili peppers are hugely popular in the New Mexican and surrounding region, but they are becoming very popular through the entire U.S. They are quite earth in flavor, similar to the Anaheim chili pepper, though their flavors are affected positively by the rich regional soil in which they are grown.
They can be eaten raw, though they are typically roasted which gives them a rich, earthier, sometimes buttery flavor.
How To Cook with Hatch Chili Peppers
Cooking with Hatch chili peppers is certainly an art form, and one of the most oft asked questions in the New Mexican region is simply, “Red or Green?”, which refers to the color of your preferred sauce.
Locals enjoy cooking and eating their Hatch peppers as either a pureed red chili sauce or a green chili sauce, and I can tell you from personal experience that both versions are extremely flavorful.
Hatch Chili Recipes
Looking for recipes for cooking with Hatch chili peppers? Here is a list of recipes I have on the site. Contact me with any requests!
- Roasted Hatch Chili-Beer Mustard
- Spicy Pork-Hatch Chili Casserole
- One Pan Hatch Chili-Cheese Dip
- Hatch Chili Salsa
- Find More Hatch Chili Pepper Recipes
Can I Grow Hatch Chili Peppers?
Of course! You can grow the different types of Hatch chili peppers from seed or purchase seedlings and grow them in your own garden anywhere that chili peppers can be grown. However, as they won’t be growing in Hatch, New Mexico, they can’t actually be called “Hatch Chili Peppers”.
What is the Hatch Chili Pepper Harvest Season?
Hatch chili peppers have a very short cultivation season, as they are larger peppers with very thick walls. They are typically harvested in August and September each year, though the season can be extended a couple weeks on either side, depending on the weather.
Where Can I Find Hatch Chili Peppers?
It used to be that you couldn’t get Hatch chili peppers outside of the Hatch, New Mexico region, but they are quickly becoming more and more available at local grocery stores of through online retailers. I have personally ordered roasted Hatch chili peppers online and had them delivered frozen.
They are easily preserved and extremely delicious this way.